Alexander II ZabinasAlexander II Zabinas
was a counter-king who emerged in the chaos following the Seleucidian loss of Mesopotamia to the Parthians, Zabinas was the alleged son of Alexander Balas
, in his turn likely a faux son of Antiochus IV
. He was a mere pawn of the exiled Egyptian king Ptolemaios VIII Gryphon
- who at this time ruled only Cyprus - as a means of thwarting the regime in Alexandria. After the murder of the legitimate king Demetrios II
(supported by Alexandria), Zabinas ruled parts of Syria (129-123 B.C.) until he in his turn was defeated by Demetrios' son Antiochus VIII Grypus
. Zabinas is a derogative name meaning "the bought one".