Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Alexander Dugin

Alexander Dugin (born in 1962) is a Russian scholar, political activist, and founder of the contemporary Russian school of geopolitics often known as "Eurasianism."

One of the basic ideas that underpin his theories is that Moscow, Berlin, and Paris form a "natural" geopolitical axis, because a line or axis from Moscow to Berlin will pass through the vicinity of Paris if extended). Dugin's theories foresee an eternal world conflict between land and sea, and hence, Dugin believes, the US and Russia. He says, "In principle, Eurasia and our space, the heartland [Russia], remain the staging area of a new anti-bourgeois, anti-American revolution." According to his 1997 book, The Basics of Geopolitics, "The new Eurasian empire will be constructed on the fundamental principle of the common enemy: the rejection of Atlanticism, strategic control of the USA, and the refusal to allow liberal values to dominate us. This common civilisational impulse will be the basis of a political and strategic union."

The Eurasia Party, founded by Dugin on the eve of George W. Bush's visit to Russia at the end of May 2002, is said by some observers to enjoy financial and organizational support from Vladimir Putin's presidential office. The Eurasia Party also is supported by the leaders of the Muslim, Orthodox Christian, Buddhist, and Jewish faiths in Russia, and the party hopes to play a key role in attempts to resolve the Chechen problem, with the objective of setting the stage for Dugin's dream of a Russian strategic alliance with European and Middle Eastern states, primarily Iran.

What has made Dugin notorious is that his thought echoes Hitler's in certain areas. For example, the second of the party's principles is "Social Orientation." This principle begins: "This is a euroasian economy, consisting of capitalism with a national soul and socialistic face".

He is talking about capitalism based on a combination of nationalism with socialism: this at least resembles "national socialism", or Nazism. His theories were banned during Soviet times for their links to Nazism. Nowadays, however, his theories have won broad acceptance within the Communist Party.

Dugin does have a healthy respect for Judaism. He is, however, anti-Zionist, which he regards as standing in contradiction to basic Talmudic principles. He also views Israel as a "strategic base for [the] militant Atlantism" promoted by the US and Britain.