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Albuquerque, New Mexico

Albuquerque is a city and the county seat of Bernalillo County, New Mexico U.S.A, situated in the central part of the state, about 325 miles southwest of Denver, Colorado, on the east bank of the Rio Grande, at an altitude of 4950 feet. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 448,607.

The city hosts the Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta every October.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Culture and Technology
4 Demographics
5 Colleges and Universities
6 Sports Teams
7 External Links
8 Airports


The old Spanish town of Alburquerque was founded in 1706, and was named in honour of the duke of Alburquerque, viceroy of New Spain from 1702 to 1710. The first "r" was dropped at some point in the 19th century supposedly by an Anglo station-master unable to pronounce the city's name. During the Civil War it was occupied, late in February 1862, by Confederate troops under General Henry Hopkins Sibley, who soon afterwards advanced with his main body into northern New Mexico. In his retreat back into Texas he made a stand on the 8th of April 1862 at Albuquerque, where during the whole day there was a fight at long range and with few casualties against a detachment of Union soldiers commanded by Colonel Edward R. S. Canby.

The original extra "r" in Alburquerque is remembered in a modern local slang term for the city: Burque.


Albuquerque is located at 35°6'39" North, 106°36'36" West (35.110703, -106.609991)1.

A mountain range which includes Sandia Peak overlooks the city from the eastern side.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 469.5 km² (181.3 mi²). 467.9 km² (180.6 mi²) of it is land and 1.7 km² (0.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.35% water.

Culture and Technology

A distinctive architecture which celebrates the Pueblo tradition lines the streets of the city. Thus, even modern buildings are sand-colored with rounded corners and edges. Even near the center of town, rural characteristics such as the sounds of roosters crowing, still greet the inhabitants.

Contributing to the populace are multiple institutions such as Sandia National Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, and the attendant contracting companies which bring highly educated workers to a somewhat isolated region. A large semiconductor factory or 'fab' lies outside the city and county, with its attendant large-capital investment.

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory cooperate in an enterprise that began with the Manhattan Project.


As of the census2 of 2000, there are 448,607 people, 183,236 households, and 112,690 families residing in the city. The population density is 958.9/km² (2,483.4/mi²). There are 198,465 housing units at an average density of 424.2/km² (1,098.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 71.59% White, 3.09% African American, 3.89% Native American, 2.24% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 14.78% from other races, and 4.31% from two or more races. 39.92% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 183,236 households out of which 30.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% are married couples living together, 12.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% are non-families. 30.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.40 and the average family size is 3.02.

In the city the population is spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $38,272, and the median income for a family is $46,979. Males have a median income of $34,208 versus $26,397 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,884. 13.5% of the population and 10.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.4% are under the age of 18 and 8.5% are 65 or older.

Colleges and Universities

Sports Teams

Albuquerque is home to the
Albuquerque Isotopes minor league baseball team and the New Mexico Scorpions ice hockey team.

External Links


Initial text from 1911 encyclopedia