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4 Cities and towns
5 External links
The county was formed in 1849 from Orange County. It was named after Alamance Creek, site of the Battle of Alamance (May 16, 1771), in which militia under the command of Governor William Tryon crushed the Regulator movement.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,126 km² (435 mi²). 1,114 km² (430 mi²) of it is land and 12 km² (5 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.10% water.
The county is divided into thirteen townships, which are both numbered and named: 1 (Patterson), 2 (Coble), 3 (Boone Station), 4 (Morton), 5 (Faucette), 6 (Graham), 7 (Albright), 8 (Newlin), 9 (Thompson), 10 (Melville), 11 (Pleasant Grove), 12 (Burlington), and 13 (Haw River).
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 130,800 people, 51,584 households, and 35,541 families residing in the county. The population density is 117/km² (304/mi²). There are 55,463 housing units at an average density of 50/km² (129/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 75.61% White, 18.76% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.19% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 6.75% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 51,584 households out of which 31.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% are married couples living together, 12.70% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% are non-families. 26.00% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.10% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.46 and the average family size is 2.95.
In the county the population is spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $39,168, and the median income for a family is $46,479. Males have a median income of $31,906 versus $23,367 for females. The per capita income for the county is $19,391. 11.10% of the population and 7.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 13.30% are under the age of 18 and 12.90% are 65 or older.