was a chess
", created by Charles Hooper (a cabinet maker), first presented at the Royal Polytechnical Institute in 1868
. A particularly intriguing piece of faux mechanical technology
(while presented as entirely automated, it in fact concealed a strong human chess player inside), it drew scores of thousands of spectators to its games, the opponents for which included Harry Houdini
, Theodore Roosevelt
, and O. Henry
In the history of such devices, it succeeded "The Turk" and preceded "Mephisto".
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