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Ahmed I

Ahmed I (b.1589-d.1617), was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 to 1617 and sultan of Turkey.

He succeeded his father Mehmed III in 1603 and became the first Ottoman sultan who reached the throne before attaining his majority. He was of kindly and humane disposition, as he showed by refusing to put to death his brother Mustafa, who eventually succeeded him.

In the earlier part of his reign he showed decision and vigour, which were belied by his subsequent conduct. The wars which attended his accession both in Hungary and in Persia terminated unfavourably for Turkey, and her prestige received its first check in the peace of Sitvatorok, signed in 1606, whereby the annual tribute paid by Austria was abolished.

Ahmed gave himself up to pleasure during the remainder of his reign, which ended in 1617, and demoralization and corruption became as general throughout the public service as indiscipline in the ranks of the army. The use of tobacco is said to have been introduced into Turkey during Ahmed I.'s reign.

Today Ahmed I is remembered mainly because it was during his reign that the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, also known as the Blue Mosque, one of the masterpieces of Islamic architecture, was constructed. The area in Istanbul around the Mosque is today called Sultanahmed.

Initial text from 1911 encyclopedia

Preceded by:
Mehmed III
Ottoman sultans Succeeded by:
Mustafa I