Accra, population 1,661,400 (2001), is the capital of Ghana. It is Ghana's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. The chief manufactures are processed food, lumber and plywood, textiles, clothing, and chemicals.
The site of present-day Accra developed into a sizable town around British and Dutch forts built in the 17th century. In 1877, Accra replaced Cape Coast as the capital of the British Gold Coast colony. After the completion of a railroad to the mining and agricultural hinterland, Accra became the economic center of Ghana.
Accra is home to the national museum, the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences, the University of Ghana, and Ghana's central library. Also of note is Christianborg Castle, built by the Danes in the 17th century. On Accra's outskirts are Achimota School, the country's leading secondary school. The Defense Commission of the Organization of African Unity has its headquarters in Accra.
Also see: Kotoka International Airport.