Decades: 540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC - **490s BC** - 480s BC 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC

Years: 495 BC 494 BC 493 BC 492 BC 491 BC - **490 BC** - 489 BC 488 BC 487 BC 486 BC 485 BC

- Battle of Marathon.
- Phidippides runs 40 kilometers from Marathon to Athens to announce the news of the Athenian victory; origin of the marathon long-distance race.

- Empedocles, Greek philosopher (+ circa 430 BC) (estimated date).
- Phidias, Greek sculptor (+ circa 430 BC) (estimated date).