See also: 1911 in science, other events of 1912, 1913 in science and the list of years in science.
Horace Donisthorpe first discovers Anergates atratulus in the New Forest, England on July 23rd.
Peter Debye derives the T-cubed law for the low temperature heat capacity of a nonmetallic solid
March 7 - Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole.
December 14 - Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen and a team of four, become the first people to reach the South Pole.
Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
Kazimierz Funk identifies vitamins.
Victor Hess discovers that the ionization of air increases with altitude, indicating the existence of cosmic radiation.
Max von Laue suggests using lattice solids to diffract X-rays
Walter Friedrich and Paul Knipping diffract X-rays in zinc blende
Physics - Nils Gustaf DalÚn
Chemistry - not awarded
Medicine - Alexis Carrel
March 23 - Wernher von Braun, physicist and engineer († 1977)
April 19 - Glenn T. Seaborg, physical chemist, Nobellaurette in Chemistry
March 29 - Robert Falcon Scott, explorer