Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s 1620s 1630s - 1640s - 1650s 1660s 1670s 1680s 1690s
Years: 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 - 1640 - 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645
December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and John IV of Portugal becomes king.
Charles I summons and rapidly dismisses the Short Parliament in an attempt to fund the second of the Bishops Wars.
November: The English Long Parliament is summoned.
Change of Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from Murat IV (1623-1640) to Ibrahim I (1640-1648)
First book printed in North America, the Bay Psalm Book
June 9 - Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Uriel Acosta, portuguese jewish philosopher, suicide\n