: 15th century
- 16th century
- 17th century
Decades: 1480s 1490s 1500s 1510s 1520s - 1530s - 1540s 1550s 1560s 1580s 1590s
Years: 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 - 1537 - 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542
- Pope Paul III published the encyclical Sublimis Deus, which declared the natives of the New World to be rational beings with souls who must not be enslaved or robbed.
- Manco II establishes neo-Inca independent state at Vilacampa, Peru
- Recife is founded by the portuguese in Brazil.\n